PRISM - Symmetry Reduction

Here you can find details about the prototype implementation of symmetry reduction in PRISM, as described in our CAV'06 paper [KNP06a].


Below are links to the files and web pages for the 4 examples used in the paper. Each directory contains PRISM files for both the models and the properties used plus a script showing the options/switches used for PRISM.

  • IEEE 802.3 CSMA/CD communication protocol (files, web page)
  • Aspnes and Helihy's randomised consensus protocol (files, web page)
  • Cachin/Kursawe/Shoup's randomised Byzantine agreement protocol (files, web page)
  • simple peer-to-peer (P2P) protocol based on BitTorrent (files, web page)

Alternatively, download all examples files here: all.tar.gz.

Running the tool

As of PRISM version 3.3, the symmetry-reduction implementation is included in the main PRISM code base. It can (only) be accessed from the command-line version of the tool:

  • Run PRISM as normal but with the additional switch -symm <before> <after> where <before> and <after> are the number of modules in the PRISM model file before and after the block of symmetric modules. For example:
    • cd csma
    • prism -h csma4.nm csma4.pctl -prop 1 -symm 1 0
Important notes

Please remember:

  • PRISM-symm requires models to be fully symmetric (i.e. all of the symmetric processes are indistinguishable).

  • PRISM-symm assumes, but does not check, that your model is symmetric. If it is not, you may get unpredictable results.

If you have any problems, questions or comments about any of these, please contact us.


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